77+ Rivers List In India PDF

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Complete List of Rivers With Lengths And Origins

The following list shows the names of rivers in India with their lengths, origins, and End of the River.

S.No.RiversOriginLength (km)End
1.GangaGangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand2,525Bay of Bengal
2.YamunaYamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand1,376Merges with Ganga at Allahabad (Triveni Sangam – Kumbh Mela spot
3.BrahmaputraHimalayan Glacier in Tibet, but enters India in Arunachal Pradesh1,800Merges with Ganga and ends in Bay of Bengal
4.ChambalTributary of Yamuna river, starting at Madhya Pradesh960Joins Yamuna river in UP
5.SonTributary of Ganga, starting at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh784Joins Ganga just above Patna – also considered part of Vindhya river system
6.GandakNepal; Ganges tributary at Indo-Nepal border (Triveni Sangam)630Joins Ganga near Patna
7.KosiStarts from Bihar near Indo-Nepal border720Joins Ganga near Katihar district of Bihar
8.BetwaTributary of Yamuna, rises at Vindhya region, MP590Joins Yamuna at Hamirpur in UP
9.GomtiTributary of Ganga, starting at Gomat Taal, UP900Joins Ganga in Varanasi district
10.GhagharaHimalayan Glacier in Tibet, tributary of Ganga1080Joins Ganga in Bihar
11.Hugli (Hooghly)Tributary of Ganga near West Bengal260Merges with Ganga at Bay of Bengal
12.DamodarTributary of Hugli near Chandwara, Jharkhand592Merges with Hugli in West Bengal
13.MahanandaPaglajhora falls, Darjeeling, West Bengal360Merge in Ganga
14.AlaknandaSatopanth & Bhagirathi-Kharak glacier190Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand
15.BhagirathiGaumukh, Uttarakhand205Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand
16.IndusOriginates in Tibetan plateau, Enters India in J&K3180Merges into Arabian sea near Sindh
17.ChenabUpper Himalayas in the Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh960Merges with Indus
18.JhelumTributary of Chenab river, Punjab725Merges with Chenab at Jhang (Pakistan)
19.RaviStarts from Bara Bhangal, Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh720Joins Chenab in Pakistan
20.SutlejTributary of Indus river, originates at Rakshastal, Tibet1500Meets Beas river in Pakistan and ends at Arabian sea
21.BeasRises at Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh470Joins Sutlej river in Punjab, India
22.ParbatiMantalai Glacier near Pin Prabati Pass –Mixes with Beas River at Bhuntar, near Kullu of Himachal Pradesh
23.SuruPanzella Glacier, Pensi La Pass, Kargil185Indus, Nurla, Skardu, Pakistan
24.DrasMachoi Glacier, Zoji La, ear Sonamarg, Jammu & Kashmir86Suru River at Kharul, Kargil
25.ZanskarDoda River (First Branch), Kargyag and Tsarap River (Second Branch) –Indus River near Nimmu in Ladakh
26.TsarapPankpo La, Sarchu182Zanskar River, Padum, Kargil
27.DodaDrang-Drung Glacier, Pensi La79Zanskar River, Padum, Kargil
28.KaveriTalakaveri in Western Ghats in Karnataka765Ends in Bay of Bengal
29.KrishnaOriginates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra1400Ends in Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh
30.GodavariStarts in Maharashtra and passes through 7 Indian states1465Empties in Bay of Bengal
31.TungabhadraTributary of Krishna river staring at Karnataka531Joins Krishna river along the border of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
32.TaptiRises in Eastern Satpura Ranges, Madhya Pradesh724Empties into Gulf of Khambhat, Gujarat
33.MahiRises in Madhya Pradesh580Flows into Arabian sea from Gujarat
34.NarmadaStarts from Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh1315Drains into Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay
35.IndravatiDandakaranya range, Kalahandi district, Odisha535Godavari near border of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Telangana
36.PranhitaConfluence of Wardha and Wainganga, near Sirpur Kaghaznagar113Godavari, near Kaleshwaram, Telangana
37.WardhaSatpura range, Multai, Betul district of Madhya Pradesh528Pranhita River
38.Kolab (Sabari)Sinkaran hills, Koraput, Odisha200Godavari
39.ManjiraBalaghat hills724Godavari, near Kandakurthi, Karnataka
40.WaingangaSatpura range, Mundara, Seoni district, Madhya Pradesh579Pranhita River
41.PaingangaAjanta range, Aurangabad, Maharashtra676Wardha river, Chandrapur district, Maharashtra
42.VedavathiConfluence of Veda and Avathi –Tungabhadra river, near Siruguppa
43.BhimaBhimashankar861Krishna river, near raichur
44.IndrayaniLonavala, Maharashtra Bhima river
45.PavanaSahyadri range, Lonavala Maharashtra58Mula river
46.GhataprabhaWestern ghats, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra283Krishna river, Almatti
47.VennaMahabaleshwar, Maharashtra130Krishna river, Satara, Maharashtra
48.KoynaMahabaleshwar, Maharashtra130Krishna river, near Karad, Satara
49.AmravatiAnamalai hills, Pambar, Chinnar rivers282Kaveri river at Karur, Tamil Nadu
50.BhavaniSilent Valley National Park, Kerala135Kaveri river at Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu
51.HemavatiWestern Ghats, Chikmagalur, Karnataka245Kaveri river near Krishna Raja Sagara, Karnataka
52.MahanadiDhamtari, Dandakaranya, Chhattisgarh858Bay of Bengal, near False Point, Kendrapara, Odisha
53.SubarnarekhaChota Nagpur plateau, near Ranchi, Jharkhand395Kirtania Port, near Talsari, Bay of Bengal
54.KangsabatiChota Nagpur plateau, Purulia district, West Bengal465Bay of Bengal near Haldia
55.Penner (Penna)Nandi Hills, Chikkaballapur district, Karnataka597Bay of Bengal, near Nellore, Andhra Pradesh
56.PalarNandi hills, Kolar district Karnataka348Bay of Bengal, near Vayalur, Tamil Nadu
57.VaigaiVarusanadu Hills, Tamil Nadu258Palk Strait, Tamil Nadu
58.VellarShevaroy Hills150The Bay of Bengal, near Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu
59.PonnaiyarNandidurg, Chikkaballapur400Bay of Bengal
60.NoyyalVelliangiri Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu180Kaveri river
61.GomaiSatpura Range –Tapti river, near Prakasha, Nandurbar, Maharashtra
62.PanzaraNear Pimpalaner, Dhule, Maharashtra –Tapti river
63.PurnaSatpura Range, Betul, Madhya Pradesh –Tapti river, near Changdev, Maharashtra
64.KolarVindhya Range, near Sehore district, Madhya Pradesh101Narmada, near Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh
65.TawaSatpura Range, Betul, Madhya Pradesh172Narmada near Hoshangabad district
66.SabarmatiDhebar lake, Aravalli range, near Udaipur, Rajasthan371Gulf of Khambhat
67.ZuariHemad-Barshem in western ghats34Arabian sea
68.UlhasNear Rajmachi hills, Sahyadri range122Vasai Creek, Mumbai
69.MithiVihar lake and Powai lake15Arabian sea, Mahim creek, Mumbai
70.MandoviBhimgad, Karnataka77Arabian sea
71.KaliKushavali, Karnataka184Arabian sea
72.NetravatiKudremukh, Chikmagalur, Karnataka –Arabian sea, near Mangalore, Karnataka
73.SharavatiWestern Ghats, Tirthahalli, Karnataka128Arabian sea, near Honnavar, Uttar Kannada district, Karnataka
74.PeriyarSivagiri hills, Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu244Lakshadweep sea, Kerala
75.BharathappuzhaAnamalai Hills, Tamil Nadu209Lakshadweep sea, Ponnani, Kerala
76.PambaPulachimalai Hills, Western Ghats176Vembanad Lake
77.ChaliyarElambaleri Hills, Western Ghats, Wayanad, Kerala169Lakshadweep sea, Kerala

Top 10 Longest Rivers In India With All Detalis

1. The Ganges River- 2525 km

The Ganges, known as Ganga in India is the most sacred river when it comes to Hindu beliefs and it is also the longest river, enclosed with the Indian subcontinent. Its origin is the Gangotri Glacier in Uttarakhand and it starts at the confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers in Devprayag, Uttarakhand.

The Ganges is compromised by contamination, not exclusively to people, yet in addition to creatures, among which are in excess of 140 fish species, 90 land and water proficient species, reptiles, for example, the gharial, and warm-blooded creatures, for example, the Ganges waterway dolphin, the last-referenced two incorporated into the IUCN’s basically imperiled list.

The Ganges is the longest river in India and also the largest river in India followed by Godavari (1465 kms).

The states that are covered by this waterbody are Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal. The last part of the Ganges ends in Bangladesh, where it finally converges in the Bay of Bengal. Some of the primary tributaries of the Ganga are the Yamuna, Son, Gomti, Ghaghara, Gandak, and Koshi.

2. Godavari River- 1464 km

Again, in terms of the total length covered within India, the Godavari aka Dakshin Ganga or South Ganges is the second longest river in India.

It begins from Triambakeshwar, Nasik in Maharashtra, and traverses via Chhattisgarh, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, after which it finally meets with the Bay of Bengal.

The major tributaries of the river can be classified as the left bank tributaries which include the Purna, Pranhita, Indravati and Sabari River.

The stream is sacred to Hindus and has a few places on its banks, that have been spots of the journey for a large number of years.

Its total span in terms of length is 1,450 kilometers. Some of the prime cities on the banks of Godavari are Nashik, Nanded, and Rajahmundry.

3. Krishna River- 1400 km

Krishna, is the third-longest river in India in terms of length in India and the fourth-longest river in India (within the country’s borders) in terms of water inflows and river basin area, following the Ganges, Godavari, and the Brahmaputra. It serves as one of the prominent sources of irrigation for the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh.

It originates in Mahabaleshwar and then enters the Bay of Bengal after flowing through these states.

The main tributaries of the Krishna are Bhima, Panchganga, Dudhaganga, Ghataprabha, Tungabhadra and its main cities by the banks are Sangli and Vijayawada.

4. Yamuna River- 1376 km

The Yamuna also called Jamuna, originated from the Yamunotri glacier at the Banderpoonch peak in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand.

It is the longest tributary of the River Ganges and it does not directly fall into the sea.

Hindon, Sharda, Giri, Rishiganga, Hanuman Ganga, Sasur, Chambal, Betwa, Ken, Sindh, and Tons are the tributary rivers of Yamuna.

The major states through which the river flows are Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

5. Narmada River- 1312 km

The Narmada River also called the Rewa and previously also known as Nerbudda, originates from the Amarkantak.

It is also known as the “Life Line of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat” for its huge contribution to the state of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.

In contrast with all the rivers of the country that flow in the east direction, it flows westward. It is also considered one of the holiest water bodies. 

To Hindus the Narmada is one of the seven heavenly waterways of India; the other six being Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, Saraswati, Sindhu, and Kaveri.

The Ramayana, the Mahabharat, and the Puranas allude to it oftentimes.

6. Indus River- 3180 km

The history of the name of our country is related to the Indus, it begins from Mansarovar Lake and then crosses Ladakh, Gilgit, and Baltistan.

It then enters Pakistan.

The Indus is also known for harboring one of the oldest and flourishing civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization.

Its main tributaries include Jansker, Soan, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas. Major Cities located on the banks of Indus are Leh and Skardu.

The total length of the Indus River is 3180 kilometers. However, its distance covered within India is only 1,114 kilometers.

7. Brahmaputra River- 2900 km

The Brahmaputra is the second river that originates from the Mansarovar ranges. It originates from Angsi Glacier near Mansarovar Lake, Tibet, China. It is the sole river whose gender is considered male in India.

It is called the Yarlung Tsangpo River in China, and then it enters India via Arunachal Pradesh. During the rainstorm season (June–October), floods are an exceptionally normal event.

The Kaziranga National Park is on the banks of Brahmaputra.  It then traverses through Assam and finally enters Bangladesh. Its total length within India is only 916 kilometers. 

The Majuli or Majoli is a river island in the Brahmaputra River, Assam and in 2016 it became the first island to be made a district in India. It had an area of 880 square kilometers at the beginning of the 20th century.

8. Mahanadi River- 890 km

The Mahanadi River originates in the Raipur district of Chhattisgarh. The Mahanadi was infamous for its staggering floods for a lot of written history.

Hence it was called ‘the distress of Odisha’. Anyway, the development of the Hirakud Dam has enormously modified the circumstance.

Today a system of waterways, blasts, and check dams keep the stream well in charge. Its major tributaries are Seonath, Mand, Ib, Hasdeo, Ong, parry river, Jonk, Telen.

9. Kaveri River- 800 km

Kaveri River, also spelled Cauvery, sacred river of southern India. It rises in Brahmagiri Hill of the Western Ghats in Karnataka, flows in a southeasterly direction through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, and descends the Eastern Ghats.

Before emptying into the Bay of Bengal, Tamil Nadu, the river breaks into a large number of distributaries forming a wide delta called the “garden of southern India.” 

The Kaveri River is celebrated for its scenery and sanctity in Tamil literature, and its entire course is considered holy ground. The river is also important for its irrigation canal projects.

10. Tapti River- 724 km

Tapti River is one of the only three rivers that originate in Peninsular India and that runs from east to west. It rises in the Betul district (Satpura Range) and drains off into the Gulf of Khambhat (Arabian Sea).

It runs through Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat and has six tributaries. The tributaries rivers of Tapti river are Purna River, Girna River, Gomai, Panzara, Pedhi and Arna.

Language English
No. of Pages4
PDF Size1 MB
Q – 1 Which is the smallest river in India?

It is not specified officially in the India River Map till now which one is the smallest river in India.

Q – 2 Which one is the national river of India?

The Ganga is declared as the national river of India.

Q – 3 Which is the largest river basin in India?

Ganga Basin is the largest river basin in India with an area of about 861452 sq. km.

Q – 6 Which is the widest river in India?

The Brahmaputra is the widest river in India.

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