Dowry Prohibition Act 1961 PDF

‘Dowry Prohibition Act 1961’ PDF Quick download link is given at the bottom of this article. You can see the PDF demo, size of the PDF, page numbers, and direct download Free PDF of ‘Dowry Prohibition Act 1961’ using the download button.

Dowry Prohibition Act 1961 PDF Free Download

The Dowry Prohibition Act 1961

(28 OF 1961)

(20th May 1961)

An Act to prohibit the giving or taking of the dowry BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twelfth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-


The ancient marriage rites in the Vedic period are associated with Kanyadan.

It is laid down in Dharamshastara that the meritorious act of Kanyadan is not complete till the bridegroom was given a Dakshina.

So when a bride is given over to the bridegroom, he has to be given something in cash or kind which constitute varadakshina.

Thus Kanyadan became associated with varadakshina i.e. the cash or gifts in kind by the parents or guardian of the bride to the bridegroom.

The varadakshina was offered out of affection and did not constitute any kind of compulsion or consideration for the marriage.

It was a voluntary practice without any coercive overtones.

In the course of time, the voluntary element in dowry has disappeared and the coercive element has crept in.

It has taken deep roots not only in the marriage ceremony but also in post-marital relationships.

What was originally intended to be a taken dakshina for the bridegroom has now gone out of proportions and has assumed the nomenclature ‘dowry’.

The social reformers of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries have striven hard for the abolition of various social evils including the evil of the dowry system.

Long before India gained independence, the then provincial Government of Sind passed an enactment known as “Sind Deti Leti Act, 1939” with a view to deal effectively with the evils of the dowry system but the enactment had neither any impact nor could create the desired effect.

During the last few decades, the evils of the dowry system have taken an acute form in almost all parts of the country and in almost all sections of society.

In a bid to eradicate this evil from society, the State Governments of Bihar and Andhra Pradesh enacted “The Bihar Dowry Restraint Act, 1950” and “The Andhra Pradesh Dowry Prohibition Act, 1958” for the respective States, but both these enactments failed to achieve the objectives for which they were enacted.

The evil of the dowry system was assuming enormous proportions and the minds of right-thinking persons both outside and inside the State Legislatures and the Parliament were shattered. The matter was raised in the Parliament in very first session of the Lok Sabha.

Many proposals for restraining dowry were placed in the Parliament in the form of Private Members’ Bills.

During the course of discussions on a non-official Bill in the Lok Sabha in 1953, the then Minister of Law gave an assurance to the House that a bill on the subject would be prepared in consultation with the State Governments.

In pursuance of the assurance, a Bill was subsequently submitted for consideration of the Cabinet.

The Cabinet then decided that the proposal might be held in abeyance till the enactment of the Hindu Succession Act.

After the enactment of the Hindu Succession Act in 1956, the Government felt that separate legislation to prohibit dowry was not a matter of urgency.

As the problem continued to increase the issue was against and again agitated in the Parliament as well as in State Legislatures. On account of pressure both at

Language English
No. of Pages17
PDF Size7.1MB

Related PDFs

IPC Sections List PDF In Tamil

दण्ड प्रक्रिया संहिता 1973 PDF In Hindi

Dowry Prohibition Act 1961 PDF Free Download

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!