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Cyber Crime PDF
Cybercrime is not an old type of crime in the world. It is defined as any criminal activity that takes place through computers the Internet or other technology recognized by the Information Technology Act.
Cyber crime is the most prevalent crime playing a destructive role in modern India. Criminals are not only causing huge damage to the society and the government, but are also succeeding to a great extent in hiding their identity.
Many illegal activities are carried out on the Internet by technologically proficient criminals.
Broadly speaking, cybercrime includes any illegal activity where either a computer or the Internet is a device, a target, or both.
The term cybercrime can be judicially interpreted in some judgments passed by the courts in India, however, it is not defined in any act or statute passed by the Indian Legislature.
Cybercrime is an uncontrollable evil that is based on the misuse of increasing dependence on computers in modern life.
The use of computers and other associated technology in daily life is growing rapidly and it has become a demand that facilitates user convenience. It is a medium that is infinite and bottomless. Whatever the good internet does to us, it has some dark sides too.
Some of the newly emerged cyber crimes are cyber-stalking, cyber-terrorism, e-mail spoofing, e-mail bombing, cyber pornography, cyber defamation, etc. Some traditional crimes may also fall into the category of cyber crimes if they are committed through a computer or the Internet.
History and Evolution of Cybercrime
During the 1950s, it would be a surprising realization for everyone using palmtops and microchips today to know that the first successful computers were built and the size of computers was so large that they took up the space of an entire room and they were very expensive. Were. to operate.
The working of this computer was not understood by a large number of people and only a select few expert people had direct access to such computers and had the knowledge to operate them.
For obvious reasons, computer technology was prohibitively expensive and beyond the purchasing power of almost the entire population until IBM introduced its standalone “personal computer” in 1981 and enticed many people with the rewards of instant data access and manipulation. Make aware. Until then, only a few people had realized it.
In India, personal computers became affordable in the early 21st century and became a household item.
The Internet was first created by the US Department of Defense after World War II with the idea of a network that could operate and transmit information securely in case of disaster or war.
The network was first known as ARPANET, Internet became popular all over the world with the development of Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, World Wide Web, and Hypertext. With the development of the Internet, the quality and variety of information increased.
However, at the time, no one anticipated just how many opportunities the Internet was going to provide to technology-savvy criminals.
In India, Internet services were launched by the state-owned Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited in the year 1995, and in 1998 the government ended the monopoly of VSNL, and the market was opened to private operators.
The process of criminalizing human behavior deemed harmful to the public generally develops gradually in common law jurisdictions.
The momentum gained through recognition of the problem and pressures put on special interest groups can easily last for decades before undesirable actions are classified as “crimes”.
In some instances, this process is accelerated through the occurrence of certain “catalytic events” that capture the public’s attention and the attention of lawmakers.
3 The first recorded cybercrime happened in the year 1820.
This is not surprising since the abacus, considered to be the earliest form of computer, has been in existence since around 3500 BC in India, Japan, and China. However, the era of modem computers began with Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine.
In 1820, textile manufacturer Joseph-Marie Jacquard produced the loom in France. This device allowed a series of steps to be repeated in the weaving of particular fabrics.
This resulted in Jacquard employees fearing that their traditional employment and livelihoods were being threatened. They carried out acts of sabotage to discourage Jacquard from further use of the new technology. This is the first recorded cyber crime.
In terms of computer crime, attention from legislators increased rapidly in the 1980s as businesses became more dependent on computerization and catalytic incident cases exposed significant vulnerabilities to computer crime violations.
Criminals can now easily encrypt information representing evidence of their criminal acts, store the information, and even transmit it with little fear of being detected by law enforcement.
Due to the extraordinary impact of the Internet, a computer crime scene can now extend from the victim’s geographic point (for example, the victim’s personal computer) to any other point on the planet, further complicating criminal investigation efforts.
Definition of Cyber Crime
The Indian Legislature does not provide a precise definition of cybercrime in any statute, even the Information Technology Act, of 2000; What is related to cybercrime does not define the term cybercrime.
However in general the term cyber crime refers to any illegal activity that is carried out with or in connection with
Internet or computer help.
Dr. Debarati Halder and Dr. K. Jaishankar define cyber crime as:
“Offences that are committed against persons or groups of persons with the criminal intent of intentionally harming the reputation of the victim or causing physical or mental harm or harm to the victim directly or indirectly by using modern telecommunication networks such as the Internet (chat rooms) are done. , email, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (SMS/MMS)” (SMS/MMS)”
Nature and Scope of Cyber Crime
Crime is a socially correlated phenomenon. No matter how hard we try, we cannot experience a society without cybercrime.
In a real sense, when we are not yet able to control the crime rate in the real world to the desired minimum, how would it be possible to curb the same in the virtual world, which is comparatively more unreal, eternal, and legally less controllable?
However with time, the scope and definition of the nature of crime changes in any society.
Crime-free society is a myth and crime cannot be separated from society. Thus the nature of crime depends on the nature of the society.
The complexity of society determines the complexity of the crime that develops around it.
To understand crime in a society it is necessary and important to verify all the factors that influence and contribute to crime.
The socio-economic and political structure of the society needs to understand crime and the measures to curb it.
Preventive and corrective measures adopted by the machinery to control crime
While studying the nature and scope of a crime, criminal behavior in society is also taken into account.
Characteristics of Cyber Crime
(1) People with special knowledge: Cyber crimes can be committed only through technology, thus to commit such crimes the person must be very skilled in the internet and computers and to commit such crimes Must use the internet.
People who have committed cyber crimes are well educated and have a deep understanding of the usefulness of the Internet, and this makes the job of the police system very difficult to deal with the perpetrators of cyber crimes.
(2) Geographical Challenges: In cyberspace, geographical boundaries come to naught. A cybercriminal sitting in any corner of the world commits a crime in another corner of the world within a short time. For example, a hacker sitting in India hacked a system located in the United States.
(3) Virtual World: The act of cyber crime takes place in cyberspace and the criminal who is committing this act is physically outside the cyberspace. Every activity of the criminal while committing that crime takes place in the virtual world.
(4) Collecting Evidence: Due to the nature of cybercrime it is very difficult to collect evidence of a cybercrime and prove it in court. In cybercrime, the criminal refers to the jurisdiction of many countries while committing a cybercrime and at the same time, he is sitting in a safe place where he cannot be detected.
(5) The magnitude of the crime is unimaginable: Cybercrime has the potential to cause injury and loss of life to an extent that cannot be imagined. Crimes like cyber terrorism, cyber pornography, etc. have a wide reach and can destroy websites, and steal data from companies in no time.
(6) Classification of Cyber Crime: In this chapter, the researcher examines those acts in which the computer or technology is a tool for any illegal act. This type of activity usually involves the modification of traditional crime using information technology. Here is a list of prevalent cyber crimes, some of them widely spread and some not so widely prevalent.
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