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Notes ICSE Class 10 History and Civics PDF Free Download
ICSE Class 10 History
Question 1: Name the organs of the Indian Government.
Answer: The organs of the Indian Government are: Legislature
Question 2: State the functions of Legislatures, Executive, and Judiciary.
Answer: The Legislature frames laws, and the Executive performs its functions in accordance with these laws while the Judiciary interprets the laws and applies them in reality.
Question 3: Which is the law-making body at the Central level?
Answer: The Parliament is the law-making body at the Central level.
Question 4: What are the constituents of the Parliament?
Answer: The Parliament consists of the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha, and the President.
Question 5: Name the lists, which distribute the subjects of Legislation between the Union and the State.
Answer: They are: The Union List The State List The Concurrent List.
Question 6: Mention any one situation when both houses of Parliament meet for a joint session.
Answer: The joint session can be held for the election of the Vice-President.
Question 7: Who summons the budget session every following year?
Answer: The President summons the budget session of Parliament every following year.
Question 8: When does the President summons the Parliament into the session?
Answer: The President summons the Parliament into session on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers every 6 months.
Question 9: What is the maximum gap allowed between two Parliamentary sessions?
Answer: A gap of a maximum of 6 months is allowed between two Parliamentary sessions.
Question 10: Who administers the oath of office to the Members of Parliament?
Answer: President administers the oath of office to the Members of Parliament.
Question 11: India has which type of Legislature?
Answer: India has Bicameral Legislature.
Question 12: Name the houses of Parliament.
Answer: The houses of Parliament are: The Lok Sabha, The Rajya Sabha.
Question 13: Mention the maximum number of members in the Lok Sabha.
Answer: The maximum number of members in the Lok Sabha is 552 members.
Question 14: Whom does the President nominate in the Lok Sabha?
Answer: The President nominates two members of the Anglo-Indian Community
Question 15: Who exercises a casting vote in case of a tie in the Lok Sabha?
Answer: In case of a tie in the Lok Sabha, the Speaker exercises a casting vote.
Question 16: Who can dissolve the Lok Sabha before its tenure?
Answer: The President can dissolve the Lok Sabha before its tenure on the advice of the Prime Minister.
Question 17: What is the minimum age required to be attained by a member of Lok Sabha?
Answer: The minimum age required to be attained by a Member of Lok Sabha is 25 years.
Question 18: State the minimum number of times the Lok Sabha must meet in a year.
Answer: According to the constitution, the Lok Sabha must meet at least twice a year
with no more than six months break between two sessions.
Question 19: What is meant by the term Quorum? Or Explain the term Quorum.
Answer: The term Quorum refers to the maximum number of members required to be present for the Parliamentary procedure.
Question 20: What is the Quorum of the Lok Sabha?
Answer: The Quorum of the Lok Sabha is one-tenth of the total number of members.
Question 21: What is the normal term of the Lok Sabha?
Answer: The normal term of the Lok Sabha is five years.
Question 22: Who elects the members of the Lok Sabha?
Answer: The members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by the people on the basis of adult franchises from single-member constituencies.
Question 23: Mention any two devices through which the Lok Sabha exercises control over the Council of Ministers.
Answer: (i) Question Hour (ii) Vote of no Confidence.
Question 24: An adult Indian citizen holding an office of profit under the State Government wishes to contest for election to the Lok Sabha. Is he/she eligible? Give a reason to justify your answer.
Answer: No, he should not hold an office of profit under the government if he/she
wishes to contest for election.
Question 25: What is the Constitutional provision with regard to the representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha?
Answer: According to article 79 of the Indian Constitution, the President of India is empowered to elect the two representatives of the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha.
Question 26: How is the Speaker of Lok Sabha elected?
Answer: The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is elected among its own members.
Question 27: Who presides over the proceedings of the Lok Sabha in the absence of the Speaker?
Answer: The Deputy Speaker presides over the proceedings of the Lok Sabha in the
absence of the Speaker.
Question 28: Which is the Upper House?
Answer: Rajya Sabha is the Upper House. It represents States and Union Territories.
Question 29: Name the body, which elects the Rajya Sabha members.
Answer: The Legislative Assembly of the state elects the Rajya Sabha members.
Question 30: Who is the Ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha?
Answer: The Vice-President of India is the Ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
Question 31: Mention the maximum number of members in the Rajya Sabha.
Answer: The maximum number of members in the Rajya Sabha is 250.
Question 32: What is the tenure of the members of the Rajya Sabha?
Answer: The tenure of the members of Rajya Sabha is six years and 1/3rd of its
members retire after every two years.
Question 33: Why cannot the Rajya Sabha be dissolved?
Answer: The Rajya Sabha is the Permanent House of the Parliament, thus it cannot be dissolved.
Question 34: Name the Bill that cannot originate in the Rajya Sabha.
Answer: The Money Bill cannot originate in the Rajya Sabha.
Question 35: Why is the Rajya Sabha called a permanent House?
Answer: The term of the members elected to Rajya Sabha is six years. However, every second year, one-third of the members retire and there are new entrants. Thus, the house is never empty and therefore is called a ‘Permanent House’.
Question 36: What is the Zero Hour?
Answer: The period before the lunch hour, viz., 12-00 p.m. to 1-00 p.m. is the Zero Hour. No permission is required for raising the questions in Zero Hours.
Question 37: What is a Motion?
Answer: A motion is a device or proposal used by a member of Parliament for eliciting
opinion of the House on some issues of public importance.
Question 38: What is meant by the term question hours in the context of Parliamentary
procedures in India?
Answer: Question hour is the first hour of sitting in both houses for both asking and
Question 39: What do you understand by an Adjournment Motion?
Answer: An adjournment Motion may be made by the members to draw the attention of the Government on urgent matters.
Question 40: Mention the ways, in which Parliament Control the Executive.
Answer: The Parliament controls the Executive through the following ways:
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Notes ICSE Class 10 History and Civics PDF Free Download