Singular And Plural Irregular Verbs List PDF

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Singular And Plural Irregular Verbs List

Singular or Plural Verb?
One of the worst mistakes you can make in English is having the wrong verb form in the third person singular and plural.

Remember: in the present tense in the third person (he, she, it and they)

Singular Subject —-> verb stem plus S, it fits, he sits, etc.

Plural subject —-> verb stem without s, they sit, they work, etc.

NB: The plural s on the end of the noun/subject has nothing to do with the s on the end of the verb.

Writing is instead of are (and was instead of were) or vice versa, is a serious mistake in English grammar.

If you suspect that you have a tendency to make this kind of mistake, check each clause and look for the subject and its associated verb.

Remember that the subject is not always the noun closest to the verb.

E.g. The concentration (singular subject) of Cs in 27 samples was (singular verb) determined.

Note: samples are not the subject!

You may be forgiven in some cases. It isn’t always clear whether the subject is singular or plural. Here are a few examples of tricky singulars and plurals.

  • A number of (i.e. several) measurements have been made.
  • The number (singular) of units has been reported to be 50.
  • It appears that 30 g (plural) is required daily.
  • In some areas 60% (%=singular) of the workforce is unemployed.
  • Most part (singular) of the compounds is inactive.
  • A total (singular) of 32 measurements has been made.
  • The majority (i.e. most) of the tests were performed in Lund.
  • Kinetics, dynamics, politics and other words ending in -ics and meaning “the study of…” usually take a singular verb.
  • E.g.
    Acoustics is the study of the behaviour of sound.
    In other cases, they take a plural verb.
    E.g.
    The acoustics in this hall is terrible.
Singular (-f, -fe)Plural (-ves)
knifeknives
lifelives
wifewives
calfcalves
leafleaves

Exceptions: roofs and proofs (among others).

Nouns ending in -o

Plurals of words ending in -o are usually made by adding -es.

Singular (-o)Plural (-oes)
potatopotatoes
tomatotomatoes
heroheroes
torpedotorpedoes
vetovetoes
SingularPlural
mousemice
diedice
oxoxen
childchildren
personpeople*
pennypence (in British usage)
Singular (-us)Plural (-i)
focusfoci (also focuses)
radiusradii (also radiuses)
fungusfungi
nucleusnuclei
cactuscacti
alumnusalumni*
octopusoctopuses (or octopi)
Author
Language English
No. of Pages6
PDF Size1 MB
CategoryList
Source/Creditslpatucson.org

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