Pencil Drawing Techniques PDF

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One of the most difficult problems of drawing is creating a three-dimensional form on a flat piece of paper. The best demonstration of producing three dimensions is with a drawing of a cube that has height, width, and depth.

If there is a flat overall light on a cube, it is difficult to see the light side, the middle tone side, and the shadow side. When a single light is directed on the cube you will be able to see the height, width, and depth.

Each surface of the cube will have a value, and the difference between these values will reflect the amount of light.

For example, if the lightest side of the cube is the 9th value and the shadow side is the 1st value, there is a stronger light effect than if the difference were a 7th value for the light and a 5th value for the shadow

You can create the values you’ll use to produce the form with the same methods that were used to make the value charts.

With a 2H pencil (A). indicate the light value, the middle value, and the dark value. It is difficult to achieve a strong light effect since the darkest tone you can obtain with a 2H pencil is the 6th value.

When you use an HB pencil (B) you can achieve a much stronger light on the cube, since the HB pencil can make a 4th or 5th value.

However, by reducing the pressure on the pencil you can create more texture in the middle tone side. A stronger light effect is obtained with a 2B pencil (C) because the shadow side now becomes the 3rd value.

Since the pencils are softer, the texture in the paper becomes more noticeable.

WriterDavid Lewis
Pdf Size39.2 MB

Pencil Drawing Techniques Book Pdf Free Download

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