Figures Of Speech PDF

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Figures of Speech

Figures Of Speech

A figure of speech is a deviation from the ordinary use of words in order to increase their effectiveness.

It is also known as a rhetorical figure too because it produces a rhetorical effect.

It deviates a statement from its real meaning or common usage to create a new required effect.

It usually emphasises, embellishes, or clarifies language in both written and oral form.

We can see its usage in literature too. We can even see it in advertisements, posters, slogans, newspapers, magazines, cartoons, etc. 

Figure of speech can easily catch eyes and highlight the purpose of use.

It is designed to make a comparison and create a dramatic factor while writing or speaking.

Basically, it is a figurative language that may consist of a single word or phrase.

It may be a simile, a metaphor or personification to convey the meaning other than the literal meaning.

It is usually classified as different schemes.

The ordinary sequence or pattern of words is known as a scheme.

We usually perform basic four operations as below to create the required effect:

  • The addition is also known as repetition, expansion, or superabundance.
  • An omission is also known as subtraction, abridgement or lack.
  • Transposition is also known as transferring.
  • Permutation is also known as switching, interchange, substitution, or transmutation.

We can see many varieties in figures of speech because its prime aim is to use language to create the desired effect.

For example, the usage of expressions like the mouth of a river, round and round, the eye of a needle, nasty place, a stream of abuse, money talks, butterflies in the stomach, painful pride, etc.

We can see it in literature, poems, movies, speeches, etc. Therefore, in this article, the importance of figure of speech along with its various types with examples will be discussed.

Literary devices are said to be the techniques used to help the authors and poets to achieve his or her purpose. It is also called figurative language. 

  • Alliteration describes a series of words in quick succession that all start with the same letter or sound. 
  • A simile is comparison using like, as, or resembles. 
  • A metaphor is a condensed form of simile in which comparison between two different objects is shown without the use of such word as –like, as or so. 
  • Personification is an attribution of personal nature, intelligence or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions.
  • Onomatopoeia is when a words sound resembles the sound which it is describing. 
  • Hyperbole is a statement made emphatic by overstatement. 
  • Oxymoron is a figure of speech which incongruous or contradictory terms appear side by side. 
  • Repetition is a figure of speech where a word or a phrase within a sentence is repeated. 
  • Irony occurs when words or ideas end up conveying a different meaning, usually one that is diametrically opposed to their original meaning. 
  • Antithesis is a figure of speech where opposite ideas are brought together in a sentence for poetic effect. 

Language English
No. of Pages7
PDF Size0.2 MB

Figures Of Speech PDF Free Download

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