Climate And Weather (Geography) Notes PDF

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Explanation Of Weather and Climate In Pdf

This PDF help 12th, 11th, and 10th-grade student to understand the climate in their geography subject.

In the preceding three lessons, we have discussed temperature, atmospheric pressure, winds, and precipitation. These elements of weather have an important effect on our lives. For example, the houses we construct, the clothes we wear, and the food we prefer mainly depend on weather and climatic conditions. In this lesson, we will study the difference between weather, season, and climate and also the factors affecting the climate of a place.


After studying this lesson you will be able to:

  • name the various elements of weather and climate;
  • differentiate among weather, season and climate;
  • explain the need for forecasting weather in advance;
  • explain with specific example the various factors affecting the climate of a place or region;
  • describe the important characteristics of each thermal zone with the help of a diagram;
  • state Koeppen’s classification of climate.

Weather Definition

Temperature, pressure, wind, humidity, and precipitation, interact with each other. They influence the atmospheric conditions like the direction and velocity of wind, amount of insolation, cloud cover, and the amount of precipitation. These are known as the elements of both weather and climate.

The influence of these elements differs from place to place and time to time. It may be restricted to a small area and for a short duration of time. We very often describe this influence in the name of weather as sunny, hot, warm, cold, fine, etc depending upon the dominant element of weather at a place and at a point in time.

Therefore, the weather is the atmospheric condition of a place for a short duration with respect to one or more elements. Two places even a short distance apart may have different kinds of weather at one and the same time.

Climate Definition

The average weather conditions, prevalent from one season to another in the course of a year, over a large area is known as climate. The average of these weather conditions is calculated from the data collected for several years (about 35 years) for a larger area.

Rajasthan, for example, experiences a hot and arid climate, Kerala has a tropical rainy climate, Greenland has a cold desert climate and the climate of Central Asia is temperate continental. The climate of a region is considered more or less permanent.

Language English
No. of Pages11
PDF Size0.7 MB

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