World History Notes For UPSC PDF

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Topic In World History

  1. Feudalism, Church, Change, Modern Era, Glorious Revolution
  2. American Revolution
  3. French Revolution and Rise of Napoleon
  4. Nationalism: Rise and Impact
  5. Unification of Germany and Italy
  6. Industrial Revolution
  7. Colonialism (Africa, Pacific, Central and West Asia, China) and Imperialism (Japan and US)
  8. World War 1 and Preceding Events
  9. Impact of World War 1 and League of Nations
  10. Events from 1919 -39
  11. World War 2 and its Impact
  12. Different Socio Economic System: Russia, India, China
  13. Italy: Rise of Mussolini and Fascist
  14. Germany and Rise of Hitler
  15. Nazism and Fascism
  16. Cold War
  17. Europe after 1945 and Decolonisation
  18. NAM
  19. South Africa Apartheid


Understanding of the events before 18th century is important to understand the later developments. The dawn of 18th Century was characterized by:

  • End of Feudalism in England (Feudalism ended much later in rest of Europe).
  • Increase in the number of towns and cities.
  • Increase in trade.
  • Transition to a money-based economy from land-based economy of Feudalism.
  • Rise of Merchant classes and Absolute Monarchs (*England had Democracy and after the Glorious Revolution of 1688, there was supremacy of Parliament instead of Monarchy).
  • Decline in power of the Catholic Church.
  • Mercantile Capitalism.
  • British-French rivalry at its zenith.

1.2. Why Feudalism developed?

Feudalism developed due to lack of a single central political authority in Western Europe as it had disintegrated into many small and big kingdoms. In such a system the local Lords became more powerful than the King and controlled the affairs of the society.

1.3. Features of Feudalism

The economy in the Feudal system was village-based and the villages were self sufficient. There was a decline in towns as well as trade during this period. Land, not money, was the main source of power.

Language English
No. of Pages245
PDF Size9 MB

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