UPSC Mains GS 1 Examination Syllabus 2023 PDF

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General Studies‐I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Effects of globalization on Indian society.

Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Salient features of world’s physical geography.

Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

General Studies‐I In Detail

Art & CultureClassical dances
Temple architecture
Themes of ancient Indian history
Music and musical instruments
Modern HistoryFour important agitations/movements: Swadeshi and Boycott movement, Khilafat and Non-cooperation movement, Civil Disobedience movement, Quit India movement.

Social/religious reform movements: personalities and their contributionsContributions of important personalities (Indian and foreign)
India after Independence & Political PhilosophiesAdmission of princely states
Role of important personalities
Important movements after 1947
World HistoryAmerican, French, Russian and Industrial Revolution
World War I and II
Current affairs
International pages of The Hindu and The Indian Express
Society of IndiaDiversity in India
Women Empowerment
Issues in Indian Society
GeographyCyclones, hurricanes, earthquakes
Location of industries in India
Water bodies
Climate change
Natural Resources
Language English
No. of Pages50
PDF Size5 MB
CategoryUPSC Syllabus

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 2 Syllabus PDF Free Download PDF Free Download

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