Sociology Haralambos And Holborn Blue Book PDF

Sociology Themes And Perspectives Book PDF Free Download

Contents In Sociology Book

  • Sociological perspectives
  • Social stratification
  • Sex and gender
  • Race, ethnicity and nationality
  • Poverty and social exclusion
  • Crime and deviance
  • Religion Families and households
  • Power, politics and the state
  • Work, unemployment, and leisure
  • Education
  • Culture and identity
  • Communication and the media by Paul Trowler
  • Methodology
  • Sociological theory

‘Human beings learn their behaviour and use their intelligence whereas animals simply act on instinct. Like most commonsense notions, this idea has an element of truth, but the reality is far more complex.

The regimented society of social insects such as ants and bees is an object lesson in order and organization. Every member has clearly defined tasks in a cooperative enterprise.

Thus a beehive the worker bees, depending on their age, will either feed the young, stand guard and repel strangers, forage for food or ventilate the hive by beating their wings.

The behaviour of insects is largely ‘instinctive’, it is based on programmes contained in the genes which direct their actions. However, it would be a mistake to assume that the behaviour of insects is based solely on instinct. Experiments have indicated that at least some have the ability to learn.

Culture And Society

To all intents and purposes, a newborn human baby is helpless. Not only is it physically dependent on older members of the species but it also lacks the behaviour patterns necessary for living in human society.

It relies primarily on certain biological drives, such as hunger, and on the charity of its elders to satisfy those drives. The infant has a lot to learn. In order to survive, it must learn the skills, knowledge and accepted ways of behaving of the society into which it is born.

It must learn a way of life; in sociological terminology, it must learn the culture of its society.

Ralph Linton states that The culture of a society is the way of life of its members; the collection of ideas and habits which they learn, share and transmit from generation to generation.

AuthorHaralambos And Holborn
Language English
No. of Pages538
PDF Size36 MB
Source: upscpdf

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