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The Nizams Book
Through the ages, the great Deccan plateau of peninsular India has witnessed the rise and fall of powerful dynasties.
For almost two and quarter centuries from 1724 to 1948- the history of the Deccan and the princely state of Hyderabad is the history of the Asaf Jahi dynasty.
Mir Qamaruddin, a general of Turkish descent, was the founder of the Asaf Jahi dynasty.
He was a favorite of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, under whom he fought many campaigns and who gave him the title Chin Qilich Khan or ‘boy-swordsman’.
Courage and military prowess led to his meteoric rise in the court. In 1707, at the time of Aurangzeb’s death, he was the viceroy (subedar) of Bijapur.
In 1712, when Farrukh Siyar ascended the Mughal throne, he was awarded the title Nizam ul-Mulk Fateh Jung or just Nizam for short and was appointed viceroy of the Deccan.
The richest province in the Mughal empire. In 1724, he received the title Asaf Jah (the highest title bestowed on a subject of the Mughal emperor – Asaf was the wise Prime Minister of the Biblical King Solomon).
By which the dynasty came to be known. He held the two powerful offices of the Prime Minister of the Mughal empire and the viceroy of the Deccan simultaneously.
Far away from the seat of power in Delhi, Nizam-ul-Mulk controlled the ascendancy of the Marathas, the French, the Portuguese, and the English.
The Nizam’s chief opponent in the Deccan came from the Marathas, who imposed levies and collected land revenues from the area, depriving the Nizam of what he considered his rightful income.
Rivalry with the Marathas extended to the north as well, and in an engagement between the two, the Nizam suffered a reverse.
This led to the treaty of 1738, under which the Nizam ceded Malwa and the region between the rivers Narmada and Tapti to the Marathas.
The historian James Grant Duff is of the view that the Nizam consolidated his position in the Deccan at the cost of the northern territories.
|Author||Usha R Bala Krishnan|
|PDF Size||33.50 MB|
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