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DPDP Bill PDF Free Download
The Bill provides for the processing of digital personal data in a manner that recognizes both the rights of the individuals to protect their personal data and the need to process such personal data for lawful purposes and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
- The Bill protects digital personal data (that is, the data by which a person may be identified) by providing for the following:
- The obligations of Data Fiduciaries (that is, persons, companies, and government entities who process data) for data processing (that is, collection, storage, or any other operation on personal data);
- The rights and duties of Data Principals (that is, the person to whom the data relates); and
- Financial penalties for breach of rights, duties, and obligations.
The Bill also seeks to achieve the following:
- Introduce data protection law with minimum disruption while ensuring necessary change in the way Data Fiduciaries process data;
- Enhance the Ease of Living and the Ease of Doing Business; and
- Enable India’s digital economy and its innovation ecosystem.
- The Bill is based on the following seven principles:
- The principle of consent, lawful and transparent use of personal data;
- The principle of purpose limitation (use of personal data only for the purpose specified at the time of obtaining the consent of the Data Principal);
- The principle of data minimization (collection of only as much personal data as is necessary to serve the specified purpose);
- The principle of data accuracy (ensuring data is correct and updated);
- The principle of storage limitation (storing data only till it is needed for the specified purpose);
- The principle of reasonable security safeguards; and
- The principle of accountability (through adjudication of data breaches and breaches of the provisions of the Bill and imposition of penalties for the breaches).
- The Bill has a few other innovative features:
The Bill is concise and SARAL, that is, Simple, Accessible, Rational &Actionable Law as it—
- Uses plain language;
- Contains illustrations that make the meaning clear;
- contains no provisos (“Provided that…”); and
- Has minimal cross-referencing.
- By using the word “she” instead of “he”, for the first time it acknowledges women in Parliamentary law-making.
- The Bill provides for the following rights to individuals:
- The right to access information about personal data processed;
- The right to correction and erasure of data;
- The right to grievance redressal; and
- The right to nominate a person to exercise rights in case of death or incapacity.
For enforcing his/her rights, an affected Data Principal may approach the Data Fiduciary in the first instance. In case he/she is not satisfied, he/she can complain against the Data Fiduciary to the Data Protection Board in a hassle-free manner.
- The Bill provides for the following obligations of the data fiduciary:
- To have security safeguards to prevent personal data breaches;
- To intimate personal data breaches to the affected Data Principal and the Data Protection Board;
- To erase personal data when it is no longer needed for the specified purpose;
- To erase personal data upon withdrawal of consent;
- To have in place a grievance redressal system and an officer to respond to queries from Data Principals; and
- To fulfill certain additional obligations in respect of Data Fiduciaries notified as Significant Data Fiduciaries, such as appointing a data auditor and conducting periodic Data Protection Impact Assessments to ensure a higher degree of data protection.
|No. of Pages||5|
|PDF Size||0.07 MB|
DPDP Bill PDF Free Download