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Organizing is the function of management which follows planning.
It is a function in which the synchronization and combination of human, physical and financial resources takes place.
All the three resources are important to get results.
Therefore, organizational function helps in achievement of results which in fact is important for the functioning of a concern.
According to Chester Barnard, “Organizing is a function by which the concern is able to define the role positions, the jobs related and the co-ordination between authority and responsibility. Hence, a manager always has to organize in order to get results.
A manager performs organizing function with the help of following steps:-
Identification of activities – All the activities which have to be performed in a concern have to be identified first.
For example, preparation of accounts, making sales, record keeping, quality control, inventory control, etc. All these activities have to be grouped and classified into units.
Departmentally organizing the activities – In this step, the manager tries to combine and group similar and related activities into units or departments.
This organization of dividing the whole concern into independent units and departments is called departmentation.
Classifying the authority – Once the departments are made, the manager likes to classify the powers and its extent to the managers.
This activity of giving a rank in order to the managerial positions is called hierarchy.
The top management is into formulation of policies, the middle level management into departmental supervision and lower level management into supervision of foremen.
The clarification of authority help in bringing efficiency in the running of a concern. This helps in achieving efficiency in the running of a concern.
This helps in avoiding wastage of time, money, effort, in avoidance of duplication or overlapping of efforts and this helps in bringing smoothness in a concern’s working.
Co-ordination between authority and responsibility – Relationships are established among various groups to enable smooth interaction toward the achievment of the organizational goal.
Each individual is made aware of his authority and he/she knows whom they have to take orders from and to whom they are accountable and to whom they have to report.
A clear organizational structure is drawn and all the employees are made aware of it.
Importance of Organizing Function
Specialization – Organizational structure is a network of relationships in which the work is divided into units and departments.
This division of work is helping in bringing specialization in various activities of concern.
Well defined jobs – Organizational structure helps in putting right men on right job which can be done by selecting people for various departments according to their qualifications, skill and experience.
This is helping in defining the jobs properly which clarifies the role of every person.
Clarifies authority – Organizational structure helps in clarifying the role positions to every manager (status quo).
This can be done by clarifying the powers to every manager and the way he has to exercise those powers should be clarified so that misuse of powers do not take place.
Well defined jobs and responsibilities attached helps in bringing efficiency into managers working. This helps in increasing productivity.
Co-ordination – Organization is a means of creating co-ordination among different departments of the enterprise.
It creates clear cut relationships among positions and ensure mutual co-operation among individuals.
Harmony of work is brought by higher level managers exercising their authority over interconnected activities of lower level manager.
Authority responsibility relationships can be fruitful only when there is a formal relationship between the two.
For smooth running of an organization, the co-ordination between authority- responsibility is very important.
There should be co-ordination between different relationships. Clarity should be made for having an ultimate responsibility attached to every authority.
There is a saying, “Authority without responsibility leads to ineffective behaviour and responsibility without authority makes person ineffective.” Therefore, co-ordination of authority- responsibility is very important.
Effective administration – The organization structure is helpful in defining the jobs positions. The roles to be performed by different managers are clarified.
Specialization is achieved through division of work. This all leads to efficient and effective administration.
Growth and diversification – A company’s growth is totally dependant on how efficiently and smoothly a concern works.
Efficiency can be brought about by clarifying the role positions to the managers, co-ordination between authority and responsibility and concentrating on specialization. In addition to this, a company can diversify if its potential grow.
This is possible only when the organization structure is well- defined. This is possible through a set of formal structure.
Sense of security – Organizational structure clarifies the job positions. The roles assigned to every manager is clear. Co-ordination is possible.
Therefore, clarity of powers helps automatically in increasing mental satisfaction and thereby a sense of security in a concern. This is very important for job- satisfaction.
Scope for new changes – Where the roles and activities to be performed are clear and every person gets independence in his working, this provides enough space to a manager to develop his talents and flourish his knowledge.
A manager gets ready for taking independent decisions which can be a road or path to adoption of new techniques of production.
This scope for bringing new changes into the running of an enterprise is possible only through a set of organizational structure.
|No. of Pages||31|
|PDF Size||5 MB|
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