Community Development Programme PDF

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Community Development Programme

Community Development Programme PDF

This unit of community development programmes and accountability are built on the earlier understanding of what communities are, and how are they located, in the social and economic contexts.

They also gave us some idea of the issues facing these communities. There are various ways in which these issues are addressed.

Community development programmes whether initiated by Government or non-government agencies seek to address the issues and concerns of the communities.

The concept of community development programmes focuses on the interventions for community development to be people centered and people led, that seek to change for better, the conditions of living of these communities.

Questions such as what is better for the community, who decides on these, who implements the programmes what are the ways in which the programmes are monitored or implemented, who takes decisions regarding funding and allocations, who is accountable to whom, form the central focus of community development programmes that determine the success in reaching the goals of community development.

Thus community development programmes need to be understood with dimensions of their context, creation and culmination.

The context factors relate to the issues, problems, concerns of the community, the background of the community and the strengths and weaknesses of the community.

The creation refers to the specific programmes related to addressing the issues and concerns of the community with what intentions(values basis and goals), strategies and mechanisms.

The culmination would relate to the way the programme reaches its goals and with clear identification of people and processes that are accountable.

This trio of C’s is interrelated and very important for community development programmes.

Concept of Community and Development Community development has two terms community and development both of which need some understanding.

The concept of community has already been discussed in Unit I.

We reiterate some of its definitions as “A relatively selfsufficient population, residing in a limited geographic area, bound together by feelings of unity and interdependency”.

“a social, religious, occupational, or other group sharing common characteristics or interests and perceiving itself as distinct in some respect from the larger society within which it exists, for example the business community; the community of scholars”.

Communities refer to people bounded in specific geographic areas and communities of interest. The past three centuries have seen major changes in the notion of community.

We have moved from a predominantly agricultural and rural society, to an urban industrialized society, and now to a post-industrial society. In this latter period of de-industrialization, there has been erosion of community life and a decline in civil society organizations.

These have meant a slow degeneration of traditional family networks, heightened inequality between groups of people as well as growth of institutions to meet the needs of the people, which were hitherto met by the community itself.

Development as a concept would imply that there is progress or change for the better in such a way to enhance the security, freedom, dignity, self-reliance and self-development of groups of people.

This would involve twin concepts of social as well as economic development.

Concept of Community Development Community development may be defined as a process by which the efforts of the people themselves are combined with those of governmental authorities, to improve the economic,

social and cultural conditions of communities to integrate these communities into the life of the nation and to enable them to contribute fully to national progress.

Community development is a collaborative, facilitative process undertaken by people (community, institutions, or academic stakeholders) who share a common purpose of building capacity to have a positive impact on quality of life.

Community Development is the process of developing active and sustainable communities based on social justice and mutual respect.

It is about influencing power structures to remove the barriers that prevent people from participating in the issues that affect their lives.

Community workers facilitate the participation of people in this process.

They enable connections to be made between communities and with the development of wider policies and programmes.

Community Development expresses values of fairness, equality, accountability, opportunity, choice, participation, mutuality, reciprocity and continuous learning. Educating, enabling and empowering are at the core of Community Development.

Community Development is about building active and sustainable communities based on social justice and mutual respect.

It is about changing power structures to remove the barriers that prevent people from participating in the issues that affect their lives.

Community Development Workers support individuals, groups and organizations in this process on the basis of certain values and commitments.

Community development works for strengthening of face to face communities to meet the psychological needs of belonging, practical needs of mutual care, and the political need for participation and campaigning for rights and resources.

Author
Language English
No. of Pages15
PDF Size0.3 MB
CategoryEducation
Source/Creditsegyankosh.ac.in

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