9th Standard Social Science Notes PDF

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9th Social Science Notes

Class 9 Social Science has important sections that comprise chapters based on the important topics of history, political science, economics, and geography.

These chapters need the utmost dedication from the students to study. For this, they refer to the 9th Social Science Notes developed by the experts for revision.

These notes are designed following the latest CBSE syllabus to cover all the topics. These notes will be the best companion for exam preparation.

CBSE class 9 is extremely crucial for establishing the foundation for CBSE Class 10. It is in this standard that you are taught the basics for Class 10 board exams.

It is always suggested that you start preparing for your board examinations from class 9 only. This will help you practice the topics better. Class 9th SST, for example, has a huge syllabus.

You must study all the chapters in it thoroughly. Once you are done with reading the NCERT textbooks, you must refer to the Class 9 SST notes. This article will tell you what is covered in this immensely useful set of study materials.

1789: Convocation of Estates General. The Third Estate forms National Assembly, Tennis Court Oath the Bastille is stormed, peasant revolts in the countryside, Assembly issues Declaration of the Rights of Man.

1791: A constitution is framed to limit the powers of the king and to guarantee the basic right to all human beings.

1792-93: Convention abolishes Monarchy; France becomes a republic. The Jacobin Republic overthrown, a Directory rules France.

1795: New Constitution is adopted. A new Convention appointed a five-man Directorate to run the state from 26th October 1795. Churches reopened.

1799: The Revolution ends with the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte, Napoleon’s coup abolishes Directory and establishes Consulate.

Time Line: The French Revolution

1770s-1780s: Economic decline: French Government in deep debt. In 1774, Louis XVI ascends to the throne.

1788-1789: Bad harvest, high prices, food riots.

1789, May 5: Estates-General convened, demands reforms.

1789, July 14: National Assembly formed. Bastille stormed on July 14. French Revolution starts.

1789, August 4: Night of August 4 ends the rights of the aristocracy, the surrender of feudal rights.

1789, August 26: Declaration of the Rights of Man

1790: Civil Constitution of the Clergy nationalizes the Church.

1791: Dissolution of the National Constituent Assembly.

1792: Constitution of 1791 converts absolute monarchy into a constitutional monarchy with limited powers.

1792: Austria and Prussia attack revolutionary France, Robespierre, elected the first Deputy for Paris to the National convention.

1793: Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were executed.

1792-1794: In 1793, the Reign of Terror starts. Austria, Britain, the Netherlands, Prussia, and Spain are at war with France.

1794: Robespierre is executed. France is governed by a Directory, a committee of five men. The Reign of Terror ends.

1795: National convention dissolved.

1799: Napoleon Bonaparte becomes the leader of the French Revolution ends.

Women’s Revolution

  • From the very beginning, women were active participants in the events which brought about so many changes in French society.
  • Most of the women of the third estate had to work for a living.
  • Their wages were lower than those of men.
  • They demanded equal pay for equal work.
  • In order to discuss and voice their interests, women started their own political clubs and newspapers.
  • One of their main demands was that women must enjoy the same political rights as men.
  • Some laws were introduced to improve the position of women.
  • Their struggle still continues in several parts of the world.
  • It was finally in 1946 that women in France won the right to vote.

The Abolition of Slavery

  • There was a triangular slave trade among Europe, Africa, and America.
  • In the 18th century, there was little criticism of slavery in France.
  • No laws were passed against it.
  • It was in 1794 that the convention made free to all slaves.
  • But 10 years later slavery was reintroduced by Napoleon.
  • It was finally in 1848 that slavery was abolished in the French colonies
Language English
No. of Pages39
PDF Size2 MB

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