Teaching Aptitude Notes PDF

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UGC NET Teaching Aptitude Notes PDF Free Download

Teaching Aptitude Notes PDF

Teaching Aptitude Notes For UGC NET PDF

In Education, teaching is the concerted sharing of knowledge and experience, which is usually organized within a discipline and, more generally, the provision of stimulus to the psychological andintellectual growth of a person by another person.

It is an instruction or delivering a particular skill or subject which is preplanned behaviors informedby learning principles and child development theory which directs and guides instruction to ensuredesired students outcomes.

It is a complex, multifaceted activity, often requiring us as instructors multiple tasks and goals simultaneously and flexibly.

Teaching is an activity aimed at bringing about meaningful learning through a method that is morally and pedagogically (educationally) acceptable.

Teaching involves a teacher, a learner, content in form of knowledge, facts information and skill to be communicated a thoughtful purpose on the part of the learners to learn and finally a method that respects the learners’ cognitive integrity and freedom of choice.

Having a consistent value of teaching is always important for a good education system. Therefore, curriculum can always be found in both eastern and western education system.

However, with different interpretations towards the term “curriculum”, attitudes and values towards pedagogical approach may vary, which in turn affects how students learn in schools There are two fundamentally different ways of understanding teaching.

l Teaching as an instructor-centered activity in which knowledge is transmitted fromsomeone who has acquired that knowledge to novice learners: teaching as knowledgetransmission.

l Teaching as a learner-centered activity in which the instructor ensures that learning is made possible for novice learners and supports, guides, and encourages them in their active and independent creation of new knowledge: teaching as assisted knowledgecreation.

Definition l According oxford dictionary “Impart of knowledge or skill, give instruction or lessons , instill and inspire with”.

l According EPsiten (1981) ìWhat all the great teachers appear to have in common is loveof their subject, an objective satisfaction in arousing this love in their students and anability to convince them that what they are being thought is deadly serious.

î l Gage defined ìTeaching as a process of relationship which should be dealt withcooperation.

î l According to ìBrubacherî ìIn teaching children plays the central role and the teacher optimal.î l According to Smith (1947) ìConsidered teaching as a tri polar process involving

(i) agent or sources of producing learning which may be human or material

(ii) a goal or target tobe achieved

(iii) the intervening variables consisting of learning or teaching situation, involving human or physical conditions and instructional methods.

î l According to Am Idon (1967) ìconsidered /teaching as a process of interaction betweenteacher and the taught as a cooperative enterprises as a two – way traffic.

According to Some definition Teaching is the process of attending to people’s needs, experiences and feelings, and making specific interventions to help them learn particular things.

Interventions commonly take the form of questioning, listening, giving information, explainingsome phenomenon, demonstrating a skill or process, testing understanding and capacity, and facilitatinglearning activities (such as note taking, discussion, assignment writing, simulations and practice).

Difference between Training, Coaching, Teaching and Mentoring Training, coaching, Teaching and Mentoring are similar words theses are used for learning process in different ways.

l Training : Training is a technique frequently used in organizations or Institution to build aperson’s skills, knowledge and attitudes in order to meet the accepted standards by aspecific industry.

Training help a person master a specific skill in a direct (or ìhands onî) interaction, use Training. l Coaching : Coaching is usually task and performance based.

It helps the students or learner to learn more efficiently depending upon ability.. It is used private instruction or coaching in a particular subject or skill.

l Teaching : It is means provides formal education for students typically in educational institutes like school, university, college etc. increase capability in a general suite of skills through direct interactions with Teaching. l Mentoring : The role of the mentor is to build capability.

The developmental mentor helps the learner discover their own wisdom by encouraging them to work towards career goals or develop self-reliance.

Great mentors fill in blind spots, clarify motivations, and removemental obstacles to success over longer-term interactions 1

.1 Nature and Characteristics of Teaching l Provide Guidance and training l Interaction between teacher and students. l Teaching is an art to give knowledge to student with effective way.

l Teaching is a science to educate fact and causes of different topic of different subjects.

l Encourage students to learn more and more. l Provide Formal as well as informal education .

l Communication of information and knowledge to students. In teaching, teacher imparts information in Interesting way so that can easily understand the information.

l Teaching is tool to help students to adjust him in society and environment.

The Teacher is transfer of knowledge and Information to students. He is creator and Innovator of knowledge and information.

Teacher is participating in the decision making that help to deal withthe problems that affect students learning. In the classroom teacher set environment negatively or positively which are responsible for the social behavior in the classroom.

The teacher masters over his subject and uses an effective language for the communication inorder to bring a positive change in the behavior of the learner.

Teacher play vital role for students in their classroom. Teacher set mental, physical and emotion tone of their classroom and build a warmenvironment, mentor and nature students become role model.

The Learner (Students) As the teacher’s role is now a facilitator (or should be), the student’s role is to take giveninformation or instructions and coordinate that task for himself or group members, and begin the task.

The teacher formulate a classroom management plan to facility the development of an effective learningenvironment while students also has an obligation in the development of a quality learning environment.

Learner or students has to cooperate in the teaching-learning process with the teacher and try to get as much information and knowledge as possible from him.

He must follow the teacher for understanding and getting knowledge. The Subject (Topic) The subject is the part of teaching and learning process.

Subject should be interested or likely for students so that students can also contribute in process of learning.

Teacher to prepare necessary charts, maps, tables and model that pertain to the decided topic.

Teacher E- learning methodology andscientific aids also be made available by the teacher to make the teaching more interesting and untestable.

The Environment The students growth and development are main objective of teaching which is possible beater suitable environment for the teaching – learning process.

Creating a positive learning environment inclassroom will allow students to feel comfortable, safe and engaged – something that all students deserve.

In a classroom where values and roles remain constant and focus is placed on the positiveaspects of learning, students will be more open to actively participating in class.

Infrastructure For good teaching and create good environment infrastructure is one of the most basic elements necessary to ensure access to education.

Infrastructure includes suitable spaces to learn. School classrooms are the most common place in which structured learning takes place with groups of children.

While learning also takes place in a variety of different types of spaces – tents, temporary shelters, plastic sheeting, shade of trees, places of worship, people’s homes, and so on-families and communities expect formal education to take place in classrooms that have been designed for safety and comfort.

Teacher Student Relationship Strong teacher student relationships shape the way children think and act in school.

Whenteacher have a good relationship with students, they are more likely feel positive about class and about school in general.

They are also more willing to have a go at hard work, to risk making mistakes, andto ask for help when they need it.

Students in high-poverty urban schools may benefit from positive teacher-student relationships even more than students in high-income schools, because of the risks associated with poverty .

Risk outcomes associated with poverty include high rates of high school dropout, lower rates of collegeapplications, low self-efficacy, and low self-confidence Students Discipline Student Discipline is support of good teaching environment in the class room.

It is support thelearning, well-being and safety of all students for coordination between teacher and students.

Language English
No. of Pages15
PDF Size0. 3MB

UGC NET Teaching Aptitude Notes PDF Free Download

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