Encyclopedia Of Comic Books And Graphic Novels PDF

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Encyclopedia of Comic Books And Graphic Novels Pdf Free Download

Graphic Novel

Comic books have long been among the least respected forms of American popular culture, often regarded as mindless entertainment for kids, yet sometimes regarded as dangerous bad influences unsuitable for kids.

That has all begun to change, especially in the past two decades, when comic book authors and artists such as Alan Moore, Frank Miller, and

Neil Gaiman has gained increasing critical acclaim for the complexity and sophistication of their work and when the publishing phenomenon is known as the “graphic novel”

which allows for longer and more complex single-volume narratives in the comics as a medium-has provided a new and more respected outlet for the comics art form.

Yet the comics have a rich and varied history even before this time of increased critical respect. Comics also tend to be highly intertextual,

so that it becomes difficult fully to appreciate any given comic without at least some broad general knowledge of its background in comics history.

This Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels is intended to provide a useful central resource both for those who have a professional interest in researching comic books and graphic novels and for those who simply want to enrich their reading of comics.

The history of comic books is vast and complex, and these two volumes cannot hope to be comprehensive, so some practical (but often difficult) decisions have had to be made regarding content.

These decisions have been made in consultation with the project’s Editorial Board, as well as with the full list of contributors to these volumes.

The most important decision was to emphasize Anglophone comics, with a special emphasis on comics first published in the United States and on American writers and artists.

Thus, the rich comics traditions in Europe and Japan are given less emphasis. though some of their highlights are at least indicated, mostly through the entries entitled “European Comics” and “Manga.

Characters from animated cartoons were natural candidates for adaptation to the comics, and characters such as Felix the Cat (1920), Mickey Mouse (1927), and Donald Duck (1934), became the heroes of their own comics early on.

One of the earliest movie adaptations was the six issue Movie Comics from National (later DC ) in

Others included Fawcett’s Fawcett Movie Comics (also known as Motion Picture Comics 1949 –53), the other Movie Comics titles from Fiction House Magazines (1946– 47) and Gold Key/ Whitman (1962–84), and Dell’s Movie Classics , which were also included as part of Four-Color Comics and continued as Walt Disney Showcase (1956– 80).

Many more adaptations over the years have been either one-shots—sometimes even adapted into a tabloid-sized work—or limited series.

In recent years those limited series have been put into various collected works.

Some of these works simply collect the limited series, while others, especially in cases where the story is based on an existing comic book character, include reprints of related stories.

The vast majority of these adaptations are of fi lms in the science fi ction, horror, and fantasy genres.

A notable title from the late 1970s and early 1980s was the Marvel Comics Super Special which was mainly released in a magazine or tabloid form.

Adaptations included Close Encounters of the Th ird Kind , Battlestar Galactica , Star Trek: The Motion Picture , Raiders of the Lost Ark , Blade Runner , Th e Last Starfi ghter , Th e Muppets Take Manhattan , Dune , Buckaroo Banzai , and Sheena.

Many of these were also released as individual limited series and some were even put into paperback book form.

Other publishers made movie comics by using fumetti which, like some of the early movie adaptations, would take movie stills and add captions and word balloons.

Some have also been used to start an ongoing comic book series based on a particular fi lm.

Another notable work is Alien: Th e Illustrated Story published by Heavy Metal in 1980 and based on the classic science fi ction fi lm.

Adapted by Archie Goodwin and Walter Simonson, this was the fi rst graphic novel to be on the New York Times Best Seller list.

WriterM Keith Booker
Pdf Size8.5 MB


Encyclopedia Of Comic Books and Graphic Novels Pdf Free Download

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