Childhood and Growing Up PDF

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Childhood and Growing Up

The book is written on ‘Educational Psychology’ titled as ‘Childhood and Growing Up’.

Basically, the book is written as per the curriculum of Course 1 of Two Years’ B.Ed. The course of the University of Mumbai and other Universities in Maharashtra. It will also be useful for the students of other universities.

The book contains a total of eight chapters, which are allotted to different aspects of child growth and development. Social perspectives of growth and development were incorporated in the ‘Two Years’ B.Ed. Course’, hence the need to author this was aroused.

It is essential to broaden our views pertaining to growth and development on a global and national level. Growth and development are no longer merely psychological process but has a great sociological impact.

The stages of development are the same, but the age is being preponed in terms of the onset of maturity. Adolescence arrives at a tender age of nine or ten. It is due to an integrated impact of diet, changing lifestyles, gadgets, and media. The problems faced by a child are enormous and varied in Indian society due to socio-cultural differences.

Adolescents face emotional crises and the effects of it are long-lasting. Hence, parenting styles play an important role. Parents get a direction, whether they are playing the right role or need to change their parenting style. All these concepts and issues are discussed in Chapters 1, 2, and 3.

Much research is undertaken on child development using various methods and approaches of psychology. Teachers have to be aware of these research studies to update themselves about progress in the subject and issues across the world.

Theories are developed by psychologists on social, ecological, cognitive, and moral aspects of child
development. Chapters 4 and 5 are allotted to methods, approaches, and theories of development.

In the Indian context, child development is obstructed due to marginalization, diversity, and stereotyping. It is necessary to study these concepts and their impact on growth and development. Many times, a changing family structure becomes a barrier to child development.

Broken families lack attachment and bonding which give rise to trauma in childhood, may it be child abuse or violence. So, intervention in terms of life skills is the need of the hour in modern society, which is discussed in Chapter 6.

In this modern era, every individual needs to delve deeper and search for ‘self-identity’.

They need to be trained to resolve identity crises and overpower their negative impact of it.

The child needs to know his own emotions and understand others too. It is possible to train him to develop emotional skills and cope up with stress using them. The concepts and psychological theories related to identity and emotions are described in Chapter

7. It is a challenge before children to establish their identity in this influential world of media.

The children need to know the positive and negative impacts of media. Their life is full of competition and pressure from peers. It is necessary to get a clear picture of false depictions of children, men, and women.

he influence of mass media on various factors of society and peer relations, with greater emphasis on its negative influence, is discussed in


Since 2015, the Two Year B.Ed. the course has been implemented in the majority of the states in India. The syllabi of various courses/subjects have been drafted as per the guidelines of the Curriculum Framework meticulously drawn by the National Council for Teacher Education.

The course ‘Childhood and Growing Up’ has been drawn to assist the journey of future teachers to cope with the learners and their development with reference to the pluralistic Indian society. I sincerely hope that this book will facilitate this journey.

For the successful compilation of this book, I am indebted to many people. First of all, I acknowledge the grace of god in this endeavor. I am very grateful to the Management- Manager Sr. Sushila, the Principal, Dr. Mariamma Joseph, my colleagues, and the librarian of Pushpanjali College of Education for their support. I am grateful to my guide for imbibing in
me the spirit of exploration and sustained learning. My husband Basil, daughters, Belinda and Christabel, and son Ernest has always been the source of my inspiration.

I thank Himalaya Publishing House Pvt. Ltd. for their contribution. I do hope that the book will be useful to teacher educators and teacher trainees to promote understanding of the subject.


The University of Mumbai Syllabus, of course, I B.Ed. Semester 1
Course Name- Course 1
Subject: Childhood and Growing Up
Total Credits: 4
Total Hours: 60 (72 lectures of 50-minute duration)
Total Marks: 100 (Internal – 30 marks, external – 70 marks)


1. To develop an understanding of the principles of development.
2. To develop an understanding of the concept of development within a pluralistic society.
3. To develop an appreciation of child development in the socio-cultural context.
4. To apply the knowledge of the methods and approaches of child development.
5. To examine the theoretical perspectives of child development.
6. To develop an appreciation towards the life sketch of a great psychologist.
7. To develop an understanding of growing up in a pluralistic society.
8. To analyze the issues and implications of changing family structure and parenting on growing up
in a pluralistic society.
9. To develop an understanding of looking at one’s own self, feelings, and emotions.
10. To reflect on how we relate to the world through emotions.
11. To examine the factors responsible for establishing identity in the real world.


Unit 1: Growth and Development of a Child
(A) Meaning of growth and development and its difference.
(B) Stages of growth and development
Early childhood
Later childhood
(C) Role of the school in the growth and development of a child.
Task/Assignment: A case study of any school, which has had a positive impact on the overall growth
and development of its students.
Unit 2: Process of Development
(A) Genetic background and development.
(B) Trends in development – developmental direction, differentiation, integration, and cumulative
(C) Maturation and learning.
Task/Assignment: Prepare a report of three research studies, the results of which suggest that genetic
factors make a considerable contribution to an individual’s development and behavior.

AuthorDr. Mabel Pimenta
Language English
No. of Pages33
PDF Size3 MB

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