Battle Of Saraighat PDF

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Battle Of Saraighat

The battle of SARAIGHAT 1671, was fought between the Ahom Kingdom and the Mughal Empire on the banks of river Brahmaputra. It was a naval battle and the last battle of Saraighat, the last attempt to capture Assam and extend the empire by the Mughals.

In this last battle of Saraighat, Ahom Kingdom was led by Lachit Borphukan, and the Mughal Empire was led by Raja Ram Singh.

The Ahoms won this battle, but in 1672, Lachit Borphukan died one year later, and Guwahati was taken back by the Mughals in 1679.

Guwahati was again won by the Ahom Kingdom in 1682 in the Battle of Itakhuli, and with this, the presence of Mughals was ended in Assam, and the Mughals took no further step to capture it against the Ahom Kingdom.

Causes of the Battle of Saraighat

  • In 1661, the then Mughals emperor Aurangzeb ordered Mir Jumla, the Mughal Viceroy, to capture Assam as the BRAHMAPUTRA valley was strategically important and Ahom Kingdom was defeated, and they lost their capital Garhgaon to the Mughals. King Jayadhwaj Singha, the King of the Ahom Kingdom, agreed to the treaty of Asurar Ali by giving the area from Guwahati to the Manas River to the Mughals. King Chakradhwaj Singha, the successor, appointed Lachit Borphukan as the commander-in-chief and wanted to recover the lost areas.
  • Lachit attacked and managed to capture Guwahati. Then he started ensuring the safety of Guwahati by erecting walls and creating obstacles in case of a retaliatory attack by the Mughals. Guwahati was surrounded by River BRAHMAPUTRA and had naturally made barriers like hillocks.
  • In 1669, the Mughal army, which consisted of 4000 troopers,18000 cavalries, 2000 shieldmen and archers, and 40 ships with additional forces of Koch Bihar, reached the Manas River. 
  • Lachit Borphukan was aware of the strength of this huge army, so he chose the hilly terrain of Guwahati, where Mughal forces would not be that mobile. 
  • So he prepared mud embankments in Guwahati to make it difficult to access by land and force them for a naval war.
  • Near the Manas River, the Mughals defeated some Ahoms. Lachit strategically retreated to Guwahati and started negotiations with Ram Singh via Firuz Khan and Guerrilla warfare as he knew that his forces could not open an attack with the huge army of Mughals. Ram Singh was frustrated and wanted a duel with them, but Chakradhwaj Singha denied it.
    • He ordered Lachit Borphukan to attack Mughal forces. Following his orders, Lachit Borphukan sent 40,000 soldiers dressed as Brahmans so that Rajput warriors of Mughal forces desist from killing them. 
    • Thus a battle between Ram Singh and Ahoms took place at Alaboi Hills.In this, Ahoms lost thier 10,000 soldires. 
    • These negotiations, attacks, and diplomacy of the Mughals continued for a year but failed, and thus, the Mughals launched a naval attack on the BRAHMAPUTRA River at Saraighat.
Language English
No. of Pages4
PDF Size0.05 MB

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