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PANJABI FOR FAST LEARNERS
Panjabi is the language of the native people of Panjab. a land of five(panj) rivers in northwestern India.
The script was improved and popularized by the Sikh Gurus. It was adopted by them to write Gurbani hymns, hence it became known as Gurmukhi As the Gurmukhi script is used to write Panjabi only, the word Panjabi has also come to mean Gurmukhi.
When we actually speak of learning Gurmukhi, more often we say Panjabi. Thus, Gurmukhi and Panjabi became synonymous.
This is a SCIENTIFICALLY-DESIGNED PANJABI PRIMER (Revised Edition) for fast learners. It has been prepared primarily for those people, who can read English and are 10 years or older.
Younger people may find this is very helpful for learning to read Gurmukhi. It is based on the conversion method of learning Panjabi.
According to this method, one learns to convert the Panjabi alphabet and vowels into corresponding English forms, the use of which the student already knows.
It, therefore, enables a person to read Panjabi in about two weeks’ time. Learning this technique becomes interesting because one starts reading and writing words the first day.
This is another reason that the trainees can learn to read Panjabi very quickly by this method.
Every language has its own set of consonants and its own method of assigning vowels to them.
The Gurmukhi alphabet has 35 letters and 5 sets of vowels. Some consonants and vowels are unique to a particular language and may not be present in others.
As of interest, Gurmukhi has about a dozen more consonants than English. To indicate the sound of many of these additional consonants. “h” is a suffix to the English consonant. Two Panjabi consonants “3” and ” have no parallel in English.
We use the harder forms “t” and “d” to represent them, as in the name Gurdit Singh. The consonant” is also unique to Panjabi and is represented by “rh” or “d”.
Writing of Punjabi
Tn the Punj’lbi script, most letters have horizontal or v~rtical lines and some have curves and loops. The horizontal line is drawn from left to right for letters which require it, then a vertical line from top to bottom. The vertical line is
\ritten after the horizontal hne. Then follow the curves and loops ctc.
There arc letters without a full line on top such as ~, H, Cf etc. If we put a full line on top of these, their pronun,iation undergoes a change.
Such distinction shouid be carefully understood and practised.
The Punjabi letters are divided into three parts.
As already said, the first part is to draw the horizontal line, then the vertical line, if any, and the third part consists of loops or curves.
|Author||Dr. Gurbakhsh Singh|
|No. of Pages||49|
|PDF Size||0.88 MB|
Punjabi Alphabet Chart Book PDF Free Download