Milady’s Standard Cosmetology Textbook PDF

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Cosmetologists should study and have a thorough understanding of facials because:

■ Providing skin care services to clients is extremely rewarding, helps busy clients to relax, improves their appearance, and helps clients feel better about themselves.
■ Knowing the basics of skin analysis and basic information about skin care products will enable you to offer your clients advice when they ask you for it.
■ Although you will not treat a skin disease, you must be able to recognize adverse skin conditions and refer clients to seek medical advice from a physician.
■ Learning the basic techniques of facials and facial massage will give you a good overview of, and an ability to perform, these foundational services.
■ You may enjoy this category of services and may consider specializing in skin care services. This study will create a perfect basis for making that decision.

A contraindication (kahn-trah-in-dih-KAY-shun) is a condition that requires avoiding certain treatments, procedures or products to prevent undesirable side effects.

For example, if the client is allergic to fragrance, using a fragranced product would be contraindicated. If a client is using a prescription drug, such as Retin-A® or Tazorac® (both topical drugs that cause skin exfoliation), using other exfoliants in the facial treatment is contraindicated because to do so may injure the skin by causing excessive peeling and inflammation.

Treatment Records

You should record and highlight with a colored pen any important observations or contraindications in the client’s treatment record. File the health screening forms in a secure filing cabinet because the client may have revealed information that is private.

The client’s treatment record should include the client’s name, address, and phone number.

It should also have spaces to allow for recording the results of the analysis, each treatment performed on the client’s skin, your observations on each visit, any home-care products purchased by the client, and the date of each
treatment or product purchase.

Recording product purchases will help you find products when a client wants to re-purchase but has forgotten the product name.

Analysis Procedure

After carefully reading the client’s health screening form and discussing your questions with the client, have the client change into a smock and sit in the facial chair.

The client’s hair should be covered, and any jewelry should be removed by the client and put away in a safe place. Jewelry can get in the way or become soiled or damaged during treatment.

Cosmetologists should avoid wearing jewelry on the hands or arms while administering facial treatments because rings and bracelets may accidentally injure the client or be damaged.

Recline the client in the chair and drape the client using a hair cap, headband, or towels. After washing your hands thoroughly, warm some cleansing milk in your hands and apply the cleanser to the face in upward circular movements.

When cleansing the eye area, use a special cleanser made for eye makeup removal. Apply a small amount to the eye areas, being careful not to use so much that it gets in the eyes.

Gently remove the cleanser with warm damp facial sponges or cotton pads. Remember to remove the cleanser using upward and outward movements.

When working around the eyes, move outward on the upper lid, and inward on the lower lid. After thoroughly cleansing the face, apply a cotton eye pad to the client’s eyes to avoid exposure to the extreme brightness of the magnifying lamp.

Language English
No. of Pages48
PDF Size11.62 MB

Milady’s Standard Cosmetology Book PDF Free Download

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