Light On Yoga: Yoga Dipika By B.K.S Iyengar

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Yoga Dipika

What Is Yoga ?

The word Yoga is derived from the sanskrit root yug meaning to bind, join, attach and yoke, to direct and concentrate one’s attention on, to use and apply.

It also means union or communion. It is the true union of our will with the will of God.

‘It thus means,’ says Mahadev Desai in his introduction to the Gita according to Gandhs, “the yoking of all the powers of body, mind and soul to God;

it means the disciplining of the intellect, the mind, the emotions, the will, which that Yoga presupposes; it means a poise of the soul which enables one to look at life in all its aspects evenly.’

Yoga is one of the six orthodox systems of Indian philosophy. It was collated, co-ordinated and systematized by Patañjāli in his classical work, Yoga Sutras, which consists of 185 terse aphorisms.

In Indian thought, everything is permeated by the Supreme Univer sal Spirit Paramātmā or God) of which the individual human spirit (jivātmā) is a part.

The system of yoga is so called because it teaches the means by which the jivātmā can be united to, or be in communion with the Paramätma, and so secure liberation (mokṣa).

One who follows the path of Yoga is a yogi or yogin. In the sixth chapter of the Bhagavad Gita, which is the most important authority on Yoga philosophy,

Sri Krishna explains to Arjuna the meaning of Yoga as a deliverance from contact with pain and sorrow. It is said:

‘When his mind, intellect and self (ahamkāra) are under control, freed from restless desire, so that they rest in the spirit within, a man becomes a Yukta-one in communion with God.

A lamp does not flicker in a place where no winds blow, so it is with a yogi, who controls his mind, intellect and self, being absorbed in the spirit within him.

When the restlessness of the mind, intellect and self is stilled through the practice of Yoga, the yogi by the grace of the Spirit within himself finds fulfilment.

AuthorB.K.S Iyengar
PDF Size 34.1 MB


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