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## NCERT Class 12 Maths Textbook Chapter 7 With Answer PDF Free Download

### Chapter 7: Integrals

#### 7.1 Introduction

Differential Calculus is centered on the concept of the derivative. The original motivation for the derivative was the problem of defining tangent lines to the graphs of functions and calculating the slope of such lines.

Integral Calculus is motivated by the problem of defining and calculating the area of the region bounded by the graph of the functions.

If a function f is differentiable in an interval I, i.e., its derivative f ′ exists at each point of I, then a natural question arises given f ′ at each point of I, can we determine the function?

The functions that could possibly have given function as a derivative are called anti derivatives (or primitive) of the function.

Further, the formula that gives all these anti derivatives is called the indefinite integral of the function, and such process of finding anti derivatives is called integration.

Such type of problems arise in many practical situations.

For instance, if we know the instantaneous velocity of an object at any instant, then there arises a natural question, i.e., can we determine the position of the object at any instant?

There are several such practical and theoretical situations where the process of integration is involved.

The development of integral calculus arises out of the efforts of solving the problems of the following types:

(a) the problem of finding a function whenever its derivative is given,

(b) the problem of finding the area bounded by the graph of a function under certain conditions.

These two problems lead to the two forms of the integrals, e.g., indefinite and definite integrals, which together constitute the Integral Calculus.

Author | NCERT |

Language | English |

No. of Pages | 72 |

PDF Size | 935 KB |

Category | Mathematics |

Source/Credits | ncert.nic.in |

### NCERT Solutions Class 12 Maths Chapter 7 Integrals

Question 1:

sin 2*x*

ANSWER:

The anti derivative of sin 2*x* is a function of *x* whose derivative is sin 2*x*.

It is known that,

Therefore, the anti derivative of

Question 2:

Cos 3*x*

ANSWER:

The anti derivative of cos 3*x* is a function of *x* whose derivative is cos 3*x*.

It is known that,

Therefore, the anti derivative of .

Question 3:

*e*^{2}^{x}

ANSWER:

The anti derivative of *e*^{2}^{x }is the function of* x* whose derivative is *e*^{2}^{x}.

It is known that,

Therefore, the anti derivative of .

Question 4:

ANSWER:

The anti derivative of is the function of *x *whose derivative is .

It is known that,

Therefore, the anti derivative of

Question 5:

ANSWER:

The anti derivative of is the function of *x* whose derivative is .

It is known that,

Therefore, the anti derivative of is .

NCERT Class 12 Maths Textbook Chapter 7 With Answer PDF Free Download