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NCERT Class 12 Political Science Textbook Chapter 9 With Answer PDF Free Download
Chapter 9: Globalisation
Janardhan works in a call center. He leaves late in the evening for work, becomes John when he enters his office, acquires a new accent, and speaks a different language (then he does when he is at home) to communicate with his clients who are living thousands of miles away.
He works all night, which is actually daytime for his overseas customers. Janardhan is
rendering a service to somebody who in all probability he is never likely to meet physically.
This is his daily routine. His holidays also do not correspond to the Indian calendar but to those of his clients who happen to be from the US.
Ramdhari has gone shopping to buy a birthday gift for his nine-year-old daughter.
He has promised her a small cycle and decides to search the market for something he finds affordable as well as of reasonable quality.
He finally does buy a cycle, which is actually manufactured in China but is being marketed in
It meets his requirements of quality as well as affordability, and Ramdhari decides to go
ahead with his purchase.
Last year, Ramdhari on his daughter’s insistence had bought her a
Barbie doll, which was originally manufactured in the US but was being sold in India.
Sarika is the first generation learner who has done remarkably well throughout her school and
college life by working very hard She now has an opportunity to take on a job and begin an
independent career, which the women of her family had never dreamt of earlier.
While some of her relatives are opposed, she finally decides to go ahead because of the new opportunities that have been made available to her generation.
All three examples illustrate an aspect each of what we call globalization. In the first instance
Janardhan was participating in the globalization of services.
Ramdhari’s birthday purchases tell us something about the movement of commodities from one part of the world to another.
Sarika is faced with a conflict of values partly originating from a new opportunity that earlier was not available to the women in her family but today is part of a reality that has gained wider
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NCERT Solutions Class 12 Political Science Chapter 9 Globalisation
1. Mention any four political consequences of globalisation.
Answer: Political consequences are positive and negative both as:
1. Globalisation results in an erosion of state capacity, that is the ability of government to do what they do.
2. The old welfare state is now giving way to a more minimalist state that performs certain core functions such as maintenance of law and order and the security of its citizens.
3. Sometimes state withdraws from many of its earlier welfare functions directed at economic and social well-being.
4. Market becomes a prime determinant to settling down social and economic priorities in place of welfare.
1. The primary status remains an unchallenged basis of political community.
2. To some extent developing countries have received a boost to become more powerful and strong.
2. Explain any two economic consequences of globalisation.
Answer: 1. Positive Economic Consequences
(a) It involves greater economic flows among various countries.
(b) It has enhanced trade in commodities among countries,
(c) The restrictions on the imports and movement of capital have also been reduced.
2. Negative Economic Consequences
(а) It has created diverse opinions all over the world so as to benefit only a small section of society.
(b) It does not have equality at par with the movement of people across the globe i.e. Developed countries have carefully guarded their borders with visa policies to ensure job security to their own citizens.
3. What is globalisation? Highlight any three causes of globalisation.
Answer: Globalisation is the integration of an economy with other economies along with the free flow of trade and capital. The process of globalisation is the result of:
1. Historical factors
2. Role of International Organisations like IMF and WTO.
3. Liberalisation and Privatisation
4. Technological innovations.
4. Explain any two positives and two negative effects of globalisation.
Answer: I. Positive Effects (Any two).
1. Increase in the volume of trade in goods and services.
2. It attracts private foreign capital investment.
3. It creates new job opportunities.
4. It raises the standard of living.
5. It increases production efficiency and healthy competition.
6. It attracts foreign Direct Investment also.
2. Negative Effects:
1. It has widened income disparities by making the rich richer and the poor poorer.
2. Gradually, globalisation is also a reason for the depletion of flora and fauna in the country.
5. Explain any four consequences of globalisation.
Answer: 1. Economic Consequences
(a) It has involved greater trade in commodities across the globe.
(b) The restrictions imposed by other countries on allowing imports have been reduced.
2. Cultural Consequences
(a) The rise of uniform culture is called cultural homogenisation.
(b) Global culture is the imposition of western culture on the rest of the world.
3. Political Consequences
(а) In place of the welfare state, it is the market that becomes the prime determinant of economic and social priorities.
(b) The entry and increased role of MNCs all over the world leads to a reduction in the capacity of governments to make decisions on their own.
(а) The left-wing protests against economic liberalization.
(b) Indian social forum also raised voices against globalisation.
Globalisation NCERT Textbook With Solutions PDF Free Download