Essential Grammar In Use PDF By Raymond Murphy

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To the student (working without a teacher)

This is a grammar book for elementary students of English. There are 115 units in the book and each unit is about a different point of English grammar.

There is a list of units at the beginning of the book (Contents).
Do not study all the units in order from beginning to end. It is better to choose the units that you need to do. For example, if you have a problem with the present perfect (I have been, he has done, etc.), study Units 15-20.

Use the Contents or the Index (at the back of the book) to find the unit (or units) that you need.

To the teacher

The most important features of this book are:

  • It is a grammar book. It does not deal with other aspects of the language.
  • It is for elementary learners. It does not cover areas of grammar that are not normally taught at the elementary level.
  • It is a reference book with exercises. It is not a course book and is not organized progressively.
  • It is addressed to learners and intended for self-study.

Organisation of the book

There are 115 units in the book, each one focusing on a particular area of grammar. The material is organised in grammatical categories, such as tenses, questions and articles.

Units are not ordered according to difficulty, and should therefore be selected and used in the order appropriate for the learner(s).

The book should not be worked through from beginning to end. The units are listed in the Contents and there is a comprehensive Index at the end of the book.

Each unit has the same format consisting of two facing pages. The grammar point is presented and explained on the left-hand page and the corresponding exercises are on the right.

There are seven Appendices (pages 243-251) dealing with active and passive forms, irregular verbs, short forms (contractions), spelling and phrasal verbs. It might be useful for teachers to draw students’ attention to these.

At the back of the book, there is a set of Additional exercises (pages 252-270). These exercises provide ‘mixed’ practice bringing together grammar points from a number of different units (especially those concerning verb forms).

There are 35 exercises in this section and there is a full list on page 252.

Also at the back of the book, there is a Study guide to help students decide which units to study – see page 271.

Finally, there is a Key (pages 283-309) for students to check their answers to all the exercises in the book. An edition without the Study guide and Key is available for teachers who would prefer it for their students.


The book is for elementary learners, i.e. learners with very little English, but not for complete beginners.

It is intended mainly for elementary students who are beyond the early stages of a beginners’ course.

It could also be used by low-intermediate learners whose grammar is weaker than other aspects of their English or who have problems with particular areas of basic grammar.

The explanations are addressed to the elementary learner and are therefore as simple and as short as possible. The vocabulary used in the examples and exercises has also been restricted so that the book can be used at this level.

Using the book

The book can be used by students working alone (see To the student ) or as supplementary course material.

In either case, the book can serve as an elementary grammar book.

When used as course material, the book can be used for immediate consolidation or for later revision or remedial work.

It might be used by the whole class or by individual students needing extra help and practice.

In some cases, it may be desirable to use the left-hand pages (presentation and explanation) in class, but it should be noted that these have been written for individual study and reference.

In most cases, it would probably be better for teachers to present the grammar point in their preferred way with the exercises being done for homework. The left-hand page is then available for later reference by the student.

Some teachers may prefer to keep the book for revision and remedial work. In this case, individual students or groups of students can be directed to the appropriate units for self-study and practice.

Make questions from these words + do/does. Put the words in the right order.

1 (where / live / your parents)
2 (you / early / always / get up)
3 (how often / TV / you / watch)
4 (you / want / what / for dinner)
5 (like / you / football)
6 (your brother / like / football)
7 (what / you / do / in your free time)
8 (your sister / work / where)
9 (breakfast / always / you / have)
10 (what / mean / this word)
11 (in winter / snow / it / here)
12 (go / usually / to bed / what time / you)
13 (how much / to phone New York / it / cost)
14 (you / for breakfast / have / usually / what)

AuthorRaymond Murphy
Language English
No. of Pages318
PDF Size13.4 MB

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