Karl Marx The Communist Manifesto PDF In English

The Communist Manifesto By Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx Book PDF Free Download

Manifesto of the Communist Party

A SPECTRE haunts Europe the specter of communism All the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance in order to lay this specter pope and tsar,

Metternich 2nd Guizot, French radicals, and German police Where is the opposition party that has not been stigmatized as a communist by those who wield power?

Where is the opposition party which has not hurled back this scandalous charge of communism in the teeth of its adversaries, whether progressive or reactionary?

Two things may be deduced from this Communism is already acknowledged by all the European powers to be itself a power 2

It is time for the communists to make an open proclamation of their outlook, their aims,

their trends and to confront the old wives tale of a communist specter with a manifesto of their own party To this end,

communists of various nationalities have foregathered in London and have drafted the following manifesto, which will be published in English, French, German, Italian, Flemish, and Danish


This history of all human society, past and present, has been the history of class struggles freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, baron and serf.

guild-burgess and journeyman-in-a-word, oppressor and oppressed stood in sharp opposition each to the other

They carried on perpetual warfare, sometimes masked, sometimes open and acknowledged, warfare that invariably ended.

either in a revolutionary change in the whole structure of society, or else in the common ruin of the contending classes

In the earlier epochs of history, we find almost everywhere a complete subdivision of society into different ranks,

a manifold gradation of social positions In ancient Rome, we have patricians, knights, plebeians, slaves In the Middle Ages,

we have feudal lords, vassals, guild-burgesses, journeymen, serfs, and within each of these classes there existed, in almost every instance, further gradations

Modern bourgeois society, rising out of the ruins of feudal society, did not make an end to class antagonisms

It merely set up new classes in place of the old new conditions of oppression. embodiments of struggle new

Our own age, the bourgeois age, is distinguished by this-that it has simplified class antagonisms More and more,

society is splitting into two great hostile camps, into two great and directly contra posed classes bourgeoisie and proletariat

From the serfs of the Middle Ages sprang the burgesses of the first towns and from these burgesses sprang the first elements of the bourgeoisie

The discovery of America and the circumnavigation of Africa opened up new fields to the rising bourgeoisie

The East Indian and the Chinese markets, the colonization of America, trade with the colonies, the multiplication of the means of exchange and of commodities in general,

gave an unprecedented impetus to commerce, navigation. and manufacturing industry, thus fostering the growth of the revolutionary element in decaying feudal society.

AuthorFriedrich Engels and Karl Marx
Language English
No. of Pages374
PDF Size14 MB

The Communist Manifesto Book PDF Free Download

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